Ghana has the single largest collection of forts and castles in Africa built by the Europeans who initially traded in gold and later in enslaved Africans, in what was then known as the Gold Coast.


French, Portuguese, Danes, Dutch, Germans, Swedes, and the British built approximately 80 trading forts and castles on the shores of Ghana between 1383 and 1870, which for several centuries had European masters and native Africans as servants living and working in them.


 The warehouses teemed with gold and lumber products as well as African slaves, destined for auction in the New World, who became ancestors to future generations of people of African descent in the Diaspora.

This dedicated chapter gives an in-depth introduction, history and visitor information on the various remaining legacies of this gruesome period of history.

Other sections in the Forts & Castles chapter:

- The Arrival of the Portuguese at Elmina


- The Dutch and British arrival at Elmina


- The Transatlantic Slave Trade


- Visiting Forts and Castles


- Elmina Castle


- Cape Coast Castle


- Other Forts and Castles in Ghana

Forts and Castles